Know The Symptoms, Causes, Differences & Treatment For PCOD

Know The Symptoms, Causes, Differences & Treatment For PCOD
February 12, 2024 by admin

Polycystic Ovarian Disease seems to be the official name of PCOD in clinical terminology. The medical disorder called polycystic ovarian disease causes a female’s ovaries to produce undeveloped or inadequately developed eggs. During this time, those eggs transform into cysts inside the ovaries; however, a rise in androgen leads to the monthly development of numerous follicular cysts inside the ovary. The above results in anovulation & prevents the eggs from releasing usually.

Despite being very prevalent, most women are unaware of such symptoms, effects, and possible treatments for PCOD. Well, let’s explore more closely. You can also reach out a gynecologist specialist in Chennai to know more clearly about your pcod problem.

What Issues Can PCOD Causation?

Women’s health conditions are frequently negatively impacted by the indications of PCOD. According to estimates, over 34% of women with PCOD often experience anxiety, and almost 46% experience stress. To avoid PCOD issues in the long term, it is crucial to identify and treat the signs as soon as possible.

Numerous women suffering from PCOD additionally have a poor standard of life because of:

  1. Mood changes
  2. Negative interpersonal interactions
  3. Lack of confidence
  4. Irregular eating and sleeping schedules
  5. Weight gain

Symptoms of PCOD

PCOD mainly affects the ovaries of the female reproductive system. Every woman’s ovaries discharge ova, which are nothing but the egg cells. These ovaries carry out the generation of reproductive hormones. Androgen, a male sex hormone, is also released by these. This procedure may be hampered by PCOD, resulting in an inappropriate discharge of male testosterone.

These are a few typical PCOD indicators & symptoms:

  1. Unexpected or missed menstrual cycles
  2. Heavy menstrual flow
  3. Too much body hair
  4. Acne
  5. Men pattern balding or loss of hair
  6. Having trouble conceiving
  7. Overweight
  8. hyperpigmentation or skin discolouration on the neck
  9. problems of sleep
  10. Sadness

Cause of PCOD

Uncertainty surrounds the precise source of the PCOD issue. Physicians think that genetic and environmental factors might contribute to PCOD. PCOD is typically connected with –

  1. Unhygienic eating
  2. An inactive life
  3. Pollution
  4. Medicine that modifies hormones
  5. Some over-the-counter (OTC) drugs and additives

Scientists identify several physiological factors that could raise the risk of having PCOD/PCOS, including:

  • Overproduction Of Insulin – The pancreas naturally produces insulin. It aids in blood sugar control and bodily metabolism processes. One of the leading causes of PCOS, according to physicians, is an increased insulin level. Additionally, too much insulin causes the body to produce more androgen, a male sex hormone that prevents ovulation.
  • Various physiological factors can bring on reduced inflammation inside the body. Inflammation inside the body’s tissue could also result from moderate autoimmune disorders. In return, this raises the body’s androgen production once more.
  • High androgen levels – The testosterone hormone is linked to the increased body and facial hair, acne breakouts, skin conditions, and an elevated risk of heart diseases.

How Is PCOD Identified?

Clinical diagnosis is essential to identify the PCOD issues. A medical examination and a review of the symptoms are the first things the gynecologist does. The physician suggest the following test for identification:

  1. A blood test
  2. Abdominal ultrasonography

You can even get your abdominal ultrasonography done at Sugam Hospitals diagnostic labs in Chennai to get diagnosed accurately.

Solutions for Treating PCOD Problems

It’s crucial to know that treatment for Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is a combination of medications and lifestyle adjustments. The following are the ways to control the PCOD symptoms:

  1. Dietary changes can significantly help with PCOD management and solving. Usually, more minor symptoms could be experienced with a 5% weight loss. Reducing sweets and unhealthy foods can help prevent heart disease, high blood cholesterol, and diabetes.
  2. As a part of the PCOD treatment, inactive women should create and maintain a daily exercise regimen.
  3. The menstrual cycle could be regulated with cyclical hormone therapy and ovulation-inducing drugs.

Medications And Surgery To Treat The PCOD Issue:

Some medications can be used for Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD). The physician might also advise surgery in unusual circumstances. The following are a few of the PCOD/PCOS medication regimens:

  1. Progestin is just an artificial progestogen that is frequently advised to treat amenorrhea or perhaps the lack of menstruation.
  2. Birth management pills: Several birth control tablets assist lower the body’s amounts of androgen, which contains estrogen & progesterone.
  3. Letrozole & clomiphene: These medications aid in ovulation induction.
  4. Metformin: This drug decreases insulin and aids in weight loss.

Is There a Lasting Treatment for PCOD?

Is there a cure for PCOD? Considering the massive increase in the percentage of women with the illness over the past several years, this is a topic scientists and medical professionals have been trying to answer.

Although PCOD does not currently have permanent treatment and this necessitates healthcare and active life.


Diet seems to be a crucial part of managing symptoms and treating PCOD problems. Changes in diet can help people lose weight.

  • Include foods that are low in glycemic index (GI)
  • Anti-inflammatory foods
  • Include foods that are natural and not refined
  • Include fishes in your diet that are high in Omega fatty acid
  • Avoid red meat
  • Include spices like cinnamon and turmeric in the diet

Getting Pregnant When You Have PCOD:

Despite the hormonal abnormalities and higher risk of miscarriage, many women with PCOD are able to conceive and deliver the babies with the completion of term. To trigger ovulation, patients will require regular hormone testing, medication, and treatment.


PCOS is a much more severe disorder with a higher rate of infertility. Women having PCOS exhibit larger ovaries than normal. These ovaries, on the other hand, create immature eggs that develop into cysts. Women having PCOS possess elevated amounts of the male sex hormone Androgen. Androgen suppresses the usual process of egg release. When viable eggs are not discharged, they cannot be fertilized, resulting in infertility and difficulty becoming pregnant.

PCOS Health Management

Dealing with PCOS may necessitate long-term and regular medical monitoring. People with PCOS have concerns like irregular periods, infertility, body and face hair, and weight gain. Hence, these people have to test for diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, and uterine/ovarian cancer.

Cancer Risk with PCOD/PCOS

Every year, millions of women worldwide are diagnosed with PCOD. However, there is no medical evidence to support a relationship among PCOD and PCOS.

Women who have PCOS are more likely to get endometrial cancer, which is cancer of the uterine lining. This is frequently the outcome of prolonged estrogen exposure, which is aggravated by concomitant illnesses such as overweight, diabetes, and hypertension. Women who have PCOS are at 2 to 3 times the highest risk of having ovarian cancer.

Researchers have not found a relationship between PCOS and the chance of developing breast cancer. Doctors are wary about PCOS because of the hormonal imbalance it causes. To know more about the above content in detail, visit gynecologist in Chrompet at sugam hospital.